Guidelines for the Antenatal Diagnosis and Management of Cleft Lip and
- At the routine 18-22 week
anomaly ultrasound scan, an attempt should be made to formally examine the
fetal face in 3 planes in all patients. If all three planes cannot be
visualised, at least the coronal view (the optimal plane for excluding a
cleft) should be sought and examined.
- If the face is not visualised in
low risk cases a repeat ultrasound scan is not necessary. The sonographer
should inform the patient that the face was not clearly seen but reassure the
patient that there is no obvious structural abnormality.
- If the face is not visualised in
high risk cases a repeat ultrasound scan should be arranged with either the
Fetal Medicine Unit or a Consultant Obstetrician/Radiologist.
- personal history of facial cleft
- family history of facial cleft (only if parent, sibling
or child of patient is affected)
- patients with epilepsy
- On the information leaflet pertaining to the routine
anomaly scan it should be clearly stated that an attempt will be made to look
at the fetal face but that this is not always possible.
Antenatal Management if a Facial Cleft is
To include a 4D scan assessment of the lip and palate (refer to Dr Moran) to better delineate the lesion and aid with antenatal counselling. The initial review will be as soon as possible after diagnosis but because 4D views are best after 24 weeks a follow up 4D scan may be arranged.
-Make cleft team Sister aware of the referral so that they can also attend.
-When referring please state clearly the suspected extent of the lesion for auditing purposes.
-Midline clefts: For suspected midline clefts the outcome may be extremely poor, these must be highlighted in the referral and an urgent appointment requested.
The patient should be rescanned either by a Consultant
Obstetrician/Radiologist or alternatively referred to the Fetal Medicine Unit
at the RVI (0191 232 5131 Ext. 25837) for confirmation of the cleft
lip/palate, search for other anomalies or soft markers. Counselling should be
- If the cleft appears to be isolated the risk of
chromosomal abnormalities is low and therefore karyotyping is not
- An appointment should be made for the patient to see her
- An appointment should be made for the patient to meet the
team who will potentially be undertaking correction of the cleft lip/palate.
Antenatally the initial appointment will be with Sister Eileen Stephenson who
will arrange to see the patient at the RVI.
Sister Stephenson should be notified when the baby is
delivered and will arrange for the cleft lip/palate team to visit the patient
and her baby in their Maternity Unit within 48 hours. Where facial clefts are
diagnosed postnatally, the cleft Lip/Palate team should be contacted and will
also visit the patient and baby within 48 hours
Sister Eileen Stephenson, Cleft Lip/Palate
RVI: 0191 2325131 Ext. 24562, Radiopager – 07669
Miss Carolyn Reid, Consultant Plastic Surgeon,
RVI: - 0191 2325131 Ext. 24145
Mr Peter Hodgkinson, Consultant Plastic
RVI: 0191 2325131 Ext. 24145
- A NorCAS form must be completed and sent to the
- Information should be available immediately for the woman
and partner to study whilst waiting for the various appointments.
All units should have the manual "Cleft Lip and Palate – A
Guide for Health Professionals" on the delivery suite or SCBU. This is donated
to all maternity units by CLAPA (Cleft Lip and Palate Association) and provides
general information, contact numbers, information on treatment programmes,
guidance on feeding and information leaflets for parents.
CLAPA:- 235-237 Finchley Road, London NW3
Tel No. 020 74310033.
Face the Future are based in the North East and also
offer excellent advice and counselling.
Tel No. 0191 2212180
Mobile Tel No. 0791 363183
Regional leaflets (with contacts, pictures) etc. should also
be available (currently being drawn up)
There should be a link obstetrician/midwife within each unit
to give accurate information to the parents.
This guideline was drawn up by the Special Interest Group in Maternal/Fetal
Medicine, Northern deanery. Queries about this guideline or problems arising
from its use should be directed to Dr P.J. Marsden University Hospital of North
Durham Tel: 0191 3332333 E-mail:
P Marsden – August 2001
Date for review – August 2004